Orris root refers to the dried roots of the Iris germanica or Iris pallida plants. It is widely used in perfumery, cosmetics, and herbal medicine. Orris root has a light brown color and a distinctive floral scent. The roots are dried, powdered, or distilled to extract essential oils. In perfumery, Orris root is highly valued as a fixative, helping to prolong the scent of other fragrant ingredients. Cosmetics may include Orris root as a fragrance component or for its potential skincare benefits. In herbal medicine, Orris root is believed to have calming and soothing properties and is used in various herbal preparations. Additionally, Orris root is sometimes utilized as a flavoring agent in certain food and beverage products.